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Sabtu, 23 Juni 2012


Indonesian culture diversity has been affected by other great cultures like Chinese, Indian, and Arabic. Cultural acculturation between Islamic and Hindus culture has created a form of a unique music instrument like Bangklung.
With one of these instrument alone we can enliven the nuance, greater impact can be seen if it is collaborated with other music instrument. They certainly bear harmonious tunes rhyme. Bangklung are consist of Terebang (tambourine) and Angklung Badud which originally come from Garut, West Java. They are mixed together to produce an interesting art of music.

Terebang (tambourine) is an artistic legacy from Islamic culture. It is said that the caregivers often used this music instrument to accompany Islamic songs when they were introducing Islam in Java Island. Meanwhile, Angklung Badud is a bamboo music instrument which is played by shaking it to produce vibrated sound. The tune of Angklung as a traditional Sundanese music instrument is mostly salendro and peloq.

But why it is named “badud” (clown)? It’s quite funny to hear the name, like a profession of a jocker, isn’t it? Well, actually badud here means energetic and dynamic, it can be seen from the character and the nature. The combination of these two music instruments has become a special attraction. There are various terms applied in the society when they are going to hold a big event using these instruments. Like khitanan (circumcision) which is known with the term Ngaleunggeuh. Before the boy is circumcised, he is parading accompanied with Bangklung to entertain him. In a Bangklung performance, there will be much of joy and creativity of the players.

Beside as a bridge medium, Bangklung also has become an information medium for the people so that they would come to the party to pray for the boy and also donate some money for the boy.
The main function of Angklung Badud art, in its origin place, is to accompany the parade and also to entertain the boy who is circumcised. Bangklus is also used in events like; rice harvest celebration which is known as ampih pare and also syukuran or miceun runtah.

In the performance, Bangklung uses 5 Terabang which consist of terebanga nak, terebang kepring, terebang tempas, terebang bangsing, and terebang indung which roles as the gong. Meanwhile, there are 9 anklung which are used, they are : 2 angklung ambruk, 2 angklung tempas or pancer, an angklung engklok, and four angklung roel. Three pairs of batok (coconut shell) and two piecesof keprak which are made from bamboo.
It is qyte impossible to play the music without any singer. Well the Bangklung players (usually there are 27 players) are the singers. They sing traditional Sundanese songs and also songs with Islamic nuance 
accompanied with music instruments: terebang, angklung, beluk (vocal), trumpet, keprak, and a bodor.

But then, there is a question. Are there many people, especially native society in Garut who know this original tradition from Cisero Village, Cisurupan district, Garut? Shame on us if the cultural richness that we have remains unknown among our youth generations and just disappear. ES
source : Tourism and Health Magazine

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